Q52. What is required in the first commandment?
A52. The first commandment requires us to know and acknowledge God to be the only true God, and our God, and to worship and glorify Him accordingly.
“If it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the Lord, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.” Joshua 24:15.
“As for you, my son Solomon, know the God of your father, and serve Him with a whole heart and a willing mind; for the Lord searches all hearts, and understands every intent of the thoughts. If you seek Him, He will let you find Him; but if you forsake Him, He will reject you forever.” 1 Chronicles 28:9
“You have today declared the Lord to be your God, and [a]that you would walk in His ways and keep His statutes, His commandments and His ordinances, and listen to His voice.” Deuteronomy 26:17
“Ascribe to the Lord the glory due to His name; Worship the Lord in holy array.”Psalm 29:2.
“Then Jesus said to him, “Go, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God, and serve Him only.’” Matthew 4:10
Help from Benjamin Beddome
Is it our duty to know God? Yes. Know thou the God of thy fathers, 1 Chron. xxviii. 9.
And to acknowledge him? Yes. In all thy ways acknowledge him, Prov. Hi. 6.
Should we do this by an humble fear of him? Yes. I fear God, Gen. xlii. 18.
And by an hearty confidence in him? Yes. I trust in thee, Psa. xxv. 2. And by an entire submission to him? Yes. Submit yourselves unto God, James iv. 7.
Should we acknowledge God as our God? Yes. One shall say I am the Lord’s, Isa. xliv. 5.
And as the only true God? Yes. Ye turned from idols to serve the living and true God, 1 Thes. i. 9.
Should we do this publicly and in the face of the world? Yes. And hast professed a good profession before many witnesses, 1 Tim. vi. 12.
Should we do it with judgment and understanding? Yes. Choose ye this day whom ye will serve, Josh. xxiv. 15.
Should ye do it joyfully and without regret? Yes. The jailer rejoiced, believing in God with all his house, Acts xvi. 34.
Should we do it sincerely and without deceit? Yes. Son give me thine heart, Prov. xxiii. 26.
Should we do it entirely and without reserve? Yes. Caleb hath wholly followed the Lord, Deut. i. 36.
Should we do it resolutely and without hesitation? Yes. Nay, but we will serve the Lord, Joshua xxiv. 21.
And should we do it fixedly and without revolt? Yes. So will we not go back from thee, Psa. Ixxx. 18.
Help from Thomas Vincent
Q1. How many duties are there chiefly required in the first commandment?
A1. There are three duties chiefly required in the first commandment. 1. To know God. “And thou, Solomon my son, know thou the God of thy father.”— 1 Chron. 28:9. 2. To acknowledge God. “Thou hast avouched the Lord this day to be thy God.”— Deut. 26:17. 3. To worship and glorify God. “Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.”— Matt. 4:10.
Q2. What are we bound to know concerning God ?
A2. We are bound to know— 1. That God is, or that there is a God. 2. What God is in all those glorious attributes and perfections whereby he hath made himself known.
Q3. How ought we to acknowledge God?
A3. We ought to acknowledge God to be the only true God. “Unto us there is but one God “— 1 Cor. 8:6. 2. We ought to take and own God for our God. “This God is our God.”— Ps. 48:14.
Q4. How ought we to worship and glorify God?
A4. We ought to worship and glorify God as the only right object of divine worship and honour— 1. In our minds, by thinking, meditating, remembering, and highly esteeming of him. “A book of remembrance was written before him, for them that thought on his name.”— Mal. 3:16. “When I remember thee on my bed, and meditate on thee in the night watches.”— Ps. 63:6. “O God, who is like unto thee ?”— Ps. 71:19. 2. In our wills, by choosing him for our chief good, and devoting ourselves t6 his service. “Ye have chosen the Lord, to serve him.” — Josh. 24:22. 3. In our hearts, by loving him, desiring him, fearing him, believing and trusting in him, grieving for our sins against him, hoping in him, delighting and rejoicing in him. “And now, Israel, what doth the Lord thy God require of thee, but to fear the Lord thy God, and to love him?” &c.— Deut. 10:12. “The desire of our soul is to thy name.”— Isa. 26:8. “And the people believed the Lord and his servant Moses.”— Exod. 14:31. “Trust ye in the Lord for ever.”— Isa. 26:4. “I will be sorry for my sin.”— Ps. 38:18. “Let Israel hope in the Lord.”— Ps. 130:7. “Delight thyself in the Lord.”— Isa. 37:4. 4. In our lips, by calling upon him, and speaking well of his name. “In everything by prayer and supplication, with thanksgiving, let your requests be made known unto God.”— Phil. 4:6. “My mouth shall speak of the praise of the Lord.”— Ps. 145:5. In our lives, by yielding all obedience unto him, being zealous for his glory, careful to please him, fearful of offending him, and by walking humbly before him. “This thing commanded I them, Obey my voice, and walk ye in all the ways that I commanded “— Jer. 7:23. “The zeal of thine house hath eaten me up.”— John 2:17. “Walk worthy of the Lord, unto all pleasing.”— Col. 1:10. “How can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God ?”— Gen. 39:9. “Walk humbly with thy God.”— Micah 6:8.