Christ Church Catechism

Christ Church Catechism


Question 53

Q53. What is forbidden in the first commandment?
A53. The first commandment forbids the denying, or not worshipping and glorifying the true God, as God and our God; and the giving of that worship and glory to any other.

Joshua 24:27. “Joshua said to all the people, “Behold, this stone shall be for a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the Lord which He spoke to us; thus it shall be for a witness against you, so that you do not deny your God.”

Romans 1:20-21. “For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what has been made, so that they are without excuse. 21 For even though they knew God, they did not honor Him as God or give thanks, but they became futile in their speculations, and their foolish heart was darkened.”

Psalm 14:1“The fool has said in his heart, ‘There is no God.’ They are corrupt, they have committed abominable deeds; There is no one who does good.”

Romans 1:25. “For they exchanged the truth of God for a lie, and worshiped and served the creature rather than the Creator, who is blessed forever. Amen.”

Help from Benjamin Beddome

Is it a sin to deny God? Yes. They deny the nly Lord God, Jude ver. 4.

May God be denied in his attributes? Yes. They say, How doth God know, and is there knowledge in the Most High? Psa.lxxiii.il.

And in his authority? Yes. Who is Lord over us, Psa. xii. 4.

And in his providence? Yes. They say the Lord will not do good, neither will he do evil, Zeph. i. 12.

And in his truths 1 Yes. They bring in damnable heresies, denying the Lord that bought them, 2 Pet. ii. 1.

And may God be practically denied even where he is doctrinally owned 1 Yes. They profess that they know God, but in works they deny him, Titus i. 16.

Is ignorance of God a great sin? Yes. They know not the way of the Lord, Jer. v. 4.

And forgetfulness of God? Yes. Thou hast forgotten God that formed thee, Deut. xxxii. 18.

And distrust of God? Yes. Is the Lord among us, or is he not? Exod. xvii. 7.

And contempt of God? Yes. Wherefore do the wicked contemn God? Psa.x. 13.

And any abatement of affection towards him? Yes. I have somewhat against thee, because thou hast left thy first love, Rev. ii.4.

Is it a sin to neglect the worship of God ?’ Yes. Thou hast not called upon me, O Jacob, Isa. xliii. 22.

Or to divide it? Yes. They swear by the Lord, and swear by Malcham, Zeph. i. 5.

Or to be remiss in it? Yes. Their heart was not right with him, Psa. Ixxviii’. 37.

Or to perform it for selfish ends? Yes. Did ye at all fast unto me, even to me, Zech. vii. 5.

Is idolatry a very heinous sin? Yes. Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them, 1 Cor. x. 7.

Were the Gentiles idolaters? Yes. Ye have seen their idols, wood and stone, Deut. xxix. 17.

Were they guilty of the grossest idolatry? Yes. They sacrificed to devils, and not to God, 1 Cor. x. 20.

Are the Papists idolaters? Yes. For they do honour to one who sitteth in the temple of God, showing himself that he is God, 2 Thes. ii. 4.

But is there such athing as heart idolatry? Yes. These men have set up their idols in their hearts, Ezek. xiv. 3.

Are proud men idolaters? Yes. Thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, Ezek. xxviii. 2.

And covetous men? Yes. Mortify covetousness, which is idolatry, Col. iii. 5.

And sensualists? Yes. Whose god is their belly, Phil. iii. 19.

Is undue flattery also a kind of idolatry? Yes. The people said, it is the voice of God, and not of man, Acts xii. 22.

Is this a sin that God will correct in this world? Yes. Ye shall bear the sins of your idols, Ezek. xxiii. 49.

And will he severely punish it in the world to come? Yes. For idolaters shall not inherit the kingdom of God, 1 Cor. vi. 9.

Help from Thomas Vincent

Q1. What are the chief sins forbidden in the first commandment?
A1. The chief sins forbidden in the first commandment are— 1. Atheism. 2. Profaneness. 3. Idolatry.

Q2. What is atheism?
A2. Atheism is the denying, or not having a God. “The fool hath said in his heart, There is no God.”— Ps. 14:1. “At that time ye were without Christ, having no hope, and without God in the world.” — Eph. 2:12.

Q3. What is the profaneness forbidden in this commandment?
A3. The profaneness forbidden in this commandment is, the not worshipping and glorifying the true God as God, and our God.

Q4. Wherein doth this profaneness in regard of God’s worship and honour appear?
A4. Profaneness, in regard of God’s worship and honour, doth appear-]. When persons do not know God, or have misapprehensions of him. “My people is foolish, they have not known me.”— Jer. 4:22. “Thou thoughtest I was altogether such an one as thyself.”— Ps. 50:21. 2. When persons are forgetful of God. “My people have forgotten me days without number.”— Jer. 2:32. 3. When persons hate God, or love themselves or anything else more than God, desire creatures more than God, trust in arms of flesh more than God, delight in objects of sense more than God, when persons set their affection upon anything in the world more than God, and take off the heart, in whole or in part, from God. “The carnal mind is enmity against God.”— Rom. 8:7. “Love not the world, neither the things that are in the world. If any man love the world, the love of the Father is not in him.” — John 2:15. “Set your affections on things above, not on things on the earth.”— Col. 3:2. 4. When persons omit or neglect to give that worship and glory which is due unto God, either with the inward or outward man. “But thou hast not called upon me, 0 Jacob.”— Isa. 43:22.

Q5. What is that idolatry which is forbidden in the first commandment?
A5. The idolatry which is forbidden in the first commandment, is the giving that worship and glory unto any other which is due unto God alone. “Who changed the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. — Rom. 1:25.

Q6. How many ways may persons be guilty of the idolatry forbidden in this commandment?
A6. Persons may be guilty of the idolatry forbidden in this commandment 1. By having and worshipping other gods besides the true God, with the outward man; as when persons worship the heathenish gods, or angels, or saints. 2. By giving that honour and respect to any thing in the world which is due only unto God, with the inward man, which is heart-idolatry. “And covetousness, which is idolatry.”— Col. 3:5.