Q59. What is the third commandment?
A59. The third commandment is, “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not leave him unpunished who takes His name in vain.”
Exodus 20:7. “You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain, for the Lord will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain.
Help from Benjamin Beddome
By God’s name are we to understand his nature? Yes. My name is in him, (speaking of Christ) Exod. xxiii. 21.And his essential properties? Yes. I will make all my goodness to pass before thee, and I will proclaim the name of the Lord, Exod. xxxiii. 19. And his titles? Yes. If they shall say, what is his name? What shall I answer? And God said, I am that I am, Exod. iii. 13, 14. And any thing whereby he maketh himself known? Yes. I have manifested thy name unto the men thou gavest me, John xvii. 6.
Should we reverence the name of God? Yes. That thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, the Lord thy God, Deut. xxviii. 58. And trust in it? Yes. The name of the Lord is a strong tower, the righteous runneth into it and is safe, Prov. xviii. 10. And walk in it? Yes. We will walk in the name of the Lord our God, for ever and for ever, Mich. iv. 5. And should we do this by no other means? No. I will take away the names of Baalim out of her mouth, Hos. ii. 17.
Hath God a great regard for his own name? Yes. For how should my name be polluted, Isa. xlviii. 11. Is it therefore a great sin for us to be careless of it? Yes. Neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God, I am the Lord, Lev. xviii. 21.
Help from Matthew Henry
1. Does the third commandment concern the manner of our worshipping God? Yes: That we serve the Lord with fear, Ps. 2:11. Is it enough that we seek God in a due ordinance? No: but we must seek him after the due order, 1 Chron. 15:13.
2. Is God’s name all that whereby he makes himself known? Yes: He proclaimed the name of the Lord, Exod. 34:5. Ought we to make use of his name? Yes: By thee only will we make mention of thy name, Isa. 26:13. And to take heed of abusing it? Yes: Neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God, I am the Lord, Lev. 18:21.