Q62. What is the reason annexed to the third commandment?
A62. The reason annexed to the third commandment is, that even those who break this commandment escape punishment from men, the Lord our God will not allow them to escape His righteous judgment.
Deuteronomy 28:58-59. “If you are not careful to observe all the words of this law which are written in this book, to fear this honored and awesome name, the Lord your God, then the Lord will bring extraordinary plagues on you and your descendants, even severe and lasting plagues, and miserable and chronic sicknesses.
Malachi 2:2. “If you do not listen, and if you do not take it to heart to give honor to My name,” says the Lord of hosts, “then I will send the curse upon you and I will curse your blessings; and indeed, I have cursed them already, because you are not taking it to heart.”
Help from Matthew Henry
1. Do the breakers of the third commandment commonly escape punishment from men? Yes: for men hear the voice of swearing, and utter it not, Lev. 5:1. And do they fancy they shall escape God’s judgments? Yes: the wicked contemn God, and yet say in their heart, he will not require it, Ps. 10:13. But shall they escape God’s judgments? No: Be not deceived, God is not mocked, Gal. 6:7.
2. Shall those who profane God’s holy name escape his righteous judgments? No: The Lord will make their plagues wonderful, Deut. 28:59. Shall hypocrites escape them? No: Woe unto you scribes and pharisees, hypocrites, Matt. 23:13. Shall scoffers escape them? No: for they shall be broken, and snared, and taken, Isa. 28:13. Shall covenant breakers escape them? No: Seeing he despised the oath, by breaking the covenant, he shall not escape, Ezek. 17:18.
3. Shall swearers go unpunished? No: for he that sweareth shall be cut off: Zech. 5:3. Shall they who use God’s name vainly go unpunished? No: for every idle word that men speak they must give account, Matt. 12:36. And shall their words be witnesses against them? Yes: God shall cause their own tongues to fall upon them, Ps. 44:8.
Help from Thomas Vincent
Q1. Whence is it that such as profane God’s name do escape punishment from men?
A1. Such as profane God’s name, for the most part, do escape punishment from men—
1. Because no laws of men do, or can, reach all profanations of God’s name.
2. Because such laws as do reach blasphemy, perjury, swearing, and the like grosser profanations of God’s name, are not executed by many in authority, who oftentimes, being profane and wicked persons themselves, are more ready to punish them that hallow God’s name than those that profane it.
Q2. How doth it appear that such as profane God’s name shall not escape God’s righteous judgment?
A2. Such as profane God’s name shall not escape God’s righteous judgment, because God is righteous, and he will not hold them guiltless.
Q3. When doth the Lord punish them that profane his name?
A3. Sometimes God doth punish them in this life, and that with dreadful temporal plagues. “If thou wilt not observe to do all these words, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD; then the Lord will make thy plagues wonderful.”— Deut. 28:58, 59. 2. Be sure if such escape here, they shall not escape eternal wrath and vengeance hereafter. “Thou treasurest up to thyself wrath against the day of wrath, and revelation of the righteous judgment of God.”— Rom. 2:5.