Q58. What are the reasons annexed to [given for] the second commandment?
A58. The reasons annexed to the second commandment are: God’s sovereignty over us, His ownership of us, and the zeal He has for His own worship.
Psalm 45:11. “Then the King will desire your beauty. Because He is your Lord, bow down to Him.”
Exodus 34:14. “…for you shall not worship any other god, for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God…”
I Corinthians 10:22. “Or do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? We are not stronger than He, are we?”
Help from Benjamin Beddome
Is God the Lord? Yes. I am the Lord, Lev. xix. 4. Is that a reason why we should worship him? Yes. Let us kneel before the Lord our Maker, Psa. xcv. 5. And is idolatry therefore an act of rebellion against him? Yes. We have rebelled by departing from thee, Dan. ix. 5. Is he our God? Yes. I am the Lord your God, Lev. xxvi. 13. Is that also a reason why we should worship him? Yes. We will serve the Lord, for he is our God, Josh. xxiv. 18. And cleave unto him? Yes. For hath a nation changed their gods, Jer. ii. 11. And is it a breach of covenant if we do not? Yes. They will turn unto other gods, and serve them, and break my covenant, Deut. xxxi. 20.
Is God a jealous God? Yes. The Lord thy God is a jealous God amongst you, Deut. vi. 15. Doth jealousy imply the height of anger and indignation? Yes. God is jealous, the Lord revengeth, and is furious, Nahum i. 2. And doth nothing stir up the jealousy of God more than idolatry? No. They have moved me to jealousy with that which is not God, they have provoked me to anger with their vanities, Deut. xxxii. 21.
Will God visit the iniquity of such? Yes. Shall I not visit them for these things, Jer. v. 9. And that upon their children? Yes. Thou recompensest the iniquity of the fathers, into the bosom of their children, Jer. xxxii. 18. And their children’s children? Yes. To the third and fourth generation, Ex. xxxiv. 7. But will his judgments fall most heavily on those who make their father’s sins their own. Yes. Behold ye are risen up in your father’s stead, an increase of sinful men, to augment the anger of the Lord, Num. xxxii. 14.
Amidst the most general apostacy are there some that love God* and keep his commandments? Yes. I have left me seven thousand in Israel that have not bowed to Baal, 1 Kings, xix. 18. And may such expect to be exempted from desolating judgments when they come? Yes. Go set a mark on the forehead of them that sigh and cry, Ez. ix. 4. And to meet with peculiar tokens of the divine regard? Yes. For the mercy of the Lord is from everlasting to everlasting, upon all them that fear him, Psa. ciii. 17.
Help from Thomas Vincent
Q1. What is the first reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A1. The first reason annexed unto the second commandment is, God’s sovereignty over us, in these words, “I the Lord.”
Q2. What is the force of this first reason?
A2. The force of this first reason is, because God is the great sovereign King over us, and hath the sole or only authority to make laws for the way of his worship, therefore we ought, by virtue of our allegiance, as we are his subjects, to observe his laws and ordinances, and to worship him no other way than he hath appointed in his Word. “Let us come before his presence with thanksgiving, and make a joyful noise unto him with psalms. For the Lerd is a great God, and a great King above all gods.”— Ps. 95:2, 3.
Q3. What is the second reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A3. The second reason annexed unto the second commandment is, God’s propriety in us, in these words, “Thy God” — ” I the Lord, thy God.”
Q4. What is the force of this second reason?
A4. The force of this second reason is, that because we belong unto the Lord, therefore we ought to keep close unto him and his appointments, and take heed especially of idolatry and superstition, which do alienate the heart from him. “O come, let us worship and bow down; let us kneel before the Lord our Maker.”— Ps. 95:6, .7. “They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image. They forgat God their Saviour.”— Ps. 106:19, 21
Q5. What is the third reason annexed unto the second commandment?
A5. The zeal which God hath to his own worship, is his jealousy, whereby, out of love to his own worship and institutions, he is highly offended with those that turn aside from them unto their own inventions. “I the Lord thy God am a jealous God.” “Thou shalt worship no other God; for the Lord, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God.”— Exod. 34:14.
Q6. Wherein doth this zeal and jealousy of God for his own worship show itself?
A6. The zeal or jealousy of God for his own worship doth show itself— 1. In his accounting the breakers of this commandment those that hate him, and threatening to punish them unto the third and fourth generation: “I the Lord thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me.” 2. In his esteeming the keepers of this commandment such as love him, and promising mercies unto thousauds of them: ” Showing mercy unto thoijsands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.”
Q7. How can God in justice visit the iniquity of the fathers upon their children?
A7. If children do not walk in the steps of the same sins with their parents, God doth not punish them for their sins. ” If he beget a son that seeth all his father’s sins which he hath done, aud considereth, and doeth not such like, lie shall not die for the iniquity of his father, he shall surely live.”— Ezek. 18:14, 17. 2. If God doth visit the iniquity of the fathers upon their children, it is when the children are guilty of the same iniquity, and so fill up the measure, and the punishment of them is most equal and righteous. “Are not my way equal? Are not your ways unequal ?”— Ezek. 18:25.